Prevalence of microorganisms associated with Pelvic inflammatory disease in reproductive aged women in Onitsha North, Anambra state, Nigeria

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Microbiology, Novena University, Ogume, Delta State, Nigeria

2 Department of Microbiology, Renaissance University Ugboawka, Enugu State, Nigeria

3 Department of Microbiology, Godfrey Okoye University, Thinkers Corner Ugwumu-nike, Enugu State, Nigeria

4 Department of Microbiology, Legacy University, Okija, Anambra State, Nigeria


The prevalence of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and its associated microbes among reproductive aged women in Onitsha north, Anambra state, Nigeria, were investigated. A total of 500 reproductive aged women between the ages of 10 - 50 years were examined; where 300 of them showed positive results. A total of 640 microorganisms were isolated. Nine (9) microbial genera were recovered consisting of seven bacterial genera; one yeast sp. and one protozoan isolate. Monomicrobial growth was recorded in 53 (7.17%), polymicrobial growth in 23 (7.7%) and bacterio-fungal growth in 10 cases (33%). Staphylococcus aureus accounted for 150 (50%) cases; followed by Escherichia coli 125 (41.7%), Streptococcus pyogenes 15 (5%), Klebsiella pneumonia 55 (18.3%), Proteus mirabilis 25 (8.3 %), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 64 (21.3%), Neisseria gonorrhoeae 62 (20.7%), Candida albicans 56 (18.7%), and Trichomonas vaginalis 88 (29.3%), respectively. Frequency of occurrence was predominant with the age groups of 21-30 and 31-40 years; conversely was least in ages of 10-20 and those age >51 years; respectively. There was significant statistical difference between microbial infection and the age-group (p<0.05). PID is a major public health problem, thus needs to be prevented and controlled.


Volume 2, Issue 6
November and December 2018
Pages 147-155
  • Receive Date: 26 November 2018
  • Revise Date: 04 December 2018
  • Accept Date: 09 December 2018
  • First Publish Date: 09 December 2018